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synthesized and codified the entire framework of Mormon racialist teaching that has accumulated . Writing in 1935 Apostle Joseph Fielding Smith, who later became the 10th president of the LDS Church, explained the curse on Cain: Not only was Cain called upon to suffer [for killing Abel], but because of his wickedness he became the father of an inferior race.
Integrating uniquely Mormon ideas of premortal decisions about lineage with imported British Israelism and Anglo-Saxon triumphalism, [Joseph Fielding] Smith in effect postulated a divine rank-ordering of lineages with the descendants of ancient Ephraim (son of Joseph) at the top (including the Mormons); the "seed of Cain" (Africans) at the bottom; and various other lineages in between (All Abraham's Children, pp.216-217).
The odious part of this doctrine is that it serves to rationalize all other forms of temporal discrimination. —and could not possibly make desirable neighbors, business associates, or sons-in-law. The statement by one of the Mormon leaders about a "cautious and guarded approach" to proselyting actively among Negroes, in Nigeria should make Nigerians "cautious and guarded" too. The Mormons could by trickery establish a church in Nigeria and use this as massive propaganda for propagating and spreading their religion of race hate and race superiority and discrimination in America. Smith started his religion with his wife and relations-in-laws barely 100 years ago. One of the highest officers of the church said today that the possibility of removing this religious disability against Negroes has been under serious consideration. Embry wrote: In 1963 the First Presidency tried with limited success to separate priesthood exclusion from the Civil Rights movement.
Therefore, this denial indirectly affects all Negroes who come in contact with members of the LDS Church. The indirect cost of this doctrine in human misery and wasted potential can only be guessed at (, University of Utah, November 22, 1966). Nigeria has the largest Negro population in the world (seconded by U. Some may say that they want to change their policy. Let them first of all make themselves acceptable to the Negroes here in the States before venturing to distant Nigeria (Article by Ambrose Chukwu, , Enugu, Nigeria, March 5, 1963; see photo of entire article on pages 56 and 57 below). "We are in the midst of a survey looking toward the possibility of admitting Negroes," said Hugh B. Any church has a right to believe what it will but it has no right to impose those beliefs on others against their will, and when those beliefs are detrimental to the welfare of others to the extent of infringing on their right to earn a decent living, such a church has no right to use the machinery of the state to enforce those beliefs (, by David H. In an official statement, they said: "During recent months, both in Salt Lake City and across the nation, considerable interest has been expressed in the position of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints on the matter of civil rights.
of historical theories glorifying the Anglo-Saxon heritage above others and claiming literal Israelite origins for the peoples of Great Britain and northwestern Europe. Mc Conkie, Bookcraft, 1958 edition, pp.476-477; in second edition, 1966, p. In 1949 the LDS Church First Presidency issued an official statement on priesthood denial to blacks: The attitude of the church with reference to the Negroes remains as it has always stood. Smith stated: I had a young lady who was blonde, a[n]d no sign or indications visibly of the Negro line at all, but yet she was deprived of going to the Temple . If they have any blood of the Negro at all in their line, in their veins at all, they are not entitled to the blessings of the Priesthood . ," speech at LDS Institute of Religion, Salt Lake City, Jan. The church has successfully become everyman's church—except it cannot be the African Negro's church.
They are "not equal with other races where the receipt of certain spiritual blessings are concerned," and they are "not entitled to the full blessings of the gospel." They are "denied the priesthood," and they cannot be married in the temple. An article in discussed the issue: Pending a new revelation, possible at any time, Mormons are committed to a certain degree of built-in segregation: Negroes cannot be admitted to the church's priesthood. Mc Kay in the First Presidency of the Mormon Church. "The pending 'civil rights' legislation is, I am convinced, about 10 per cent civil rights and 90 per cent , December 14, 1963). it is claimed that the failure of the 35th session of the Utah Legislature to pass any Civil Rights legislation was due to hidden and behind the scenes opposition from the Mormon Church. The statement, a concession that prevented such action, continued by affirming equal opportunities in housing, education, and employment while still maintaining the right of the church to deny priesthood. lost to Arizona, 90-77, in a game marred by racial protest . As the Negroes filed onto the court, play stopped and BYU Coach Stan Watts pulled his team from the floor. Other student demonstrators broke a window and screamed, "Stop the Game" but that was the extent of the protest (, January 9, 1970).
If a white person marries a black, it requires "death on the spot." But, "in spite" of all they "did in the pre-existence," they can be baptized and receive the Holy Ghost. But the evening got ruined when my curiosity again started wandering away. For this reason, Mormon missionaries have never tried very hard to make converts in black Africa. Fascinated by the dramatic life of the Mormon prophet, Anie Dick Obot of Uyo decided to form a branch of the church in Nigeria, and wrote for more information to Mormon headquarters in Salt Lake City. One problem now is that in the absence of supervision from Utah the Nigerian Mormons practice polygamy—forbidden in the U. church since 1890—and the converts already seem to have established their own black hierarchy, priests and all ( for June 7, 1963, Wallace Turner stated that the LDS Church leaders were seriously considering the consequences of making a change: SALT LAKE CITY, June 3—The top leadership of the Mormon church is seriously considering the abandonment of its historic policy of discrimination against Negroes. "Believing as we do in divine revelation through the President of the church, we all await his decision," Mr. Fritz, NAACP branch president, said at a civil rights meeting Friday night that his organization promised not to picket the 133rd Semi-Annual General Conference of the Church on Temple Square. Brown stated in the LDS Church Conference: We believe that all men are the children of the same God and that it is a moral evil for any person or group of persons to deny any human being the right to gainful employment, to full educational opportunity, and to every privilege of citizenship (as quoted in reported: LOGAN, UTAH—Former agriculture secretary Ezra Taft Benson charged Friday night that the civil right's movement in the South had been "fomented almost entirely by the Communists." Elder Benson, a member of the Council of the Twelve of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, said in a speech at a public meeting here that the whole civil rights movement was "phony." . In a 1966 thesis for the University of Utah, David L. Oliver, a black attorney in Utah, stated: By reason of their numerical strength the Mormons elect most of the public officials, through the entire state, and here is where conflict begins. Just a few weeks after this statement was issued, Joseph Fielding Smith, the son of Joseph F. The blacks were on the court for only a few minutes, however, when police and security officers ushered them away . Coach Stan Watts was deeply disturbed by the trouble his team encountered.
After all the rest of God's children have had an opportunity to receive the priesthood "then it will be time enough to remove the curse from Cain and his posterity." : The Mormons are vigorous proselyters, maintaining missions all over the world, except in the Negro nations in Africa. Yet Mormons also believe that Negroes may be admitted to the priesthood in heaven. Mormon leaders sent back books explaining their laws and doctrines, and in 1959 dispatched to Africa Elder Lamar Williams, who was much impressed by the Nigerian's zeal and orthodoxy. He added, however, that the NAACP will picket Temple Square, next Saturday if the Church does not present an "acceptable" statement on civil rights before that day (, Oct. Brewer made this comment: As events in the modern world have brought greater awareness of the disprivilege often associated with non-Caucasian status, the Utah situation has become significant for two reasons: (1) Before 1964, the year this study began, Utah was the only "Northern" state without civil rights legislation. In most instances these elected public officials, conscious of the spirit concealed behind the walls of the Temple, adhere strictly to the doctrines of their church in the performance of their public duty and thereby refuse to employ or appoint any Negroes in any position of authority or trust. Smith and later church president, told magazine, "‘Darkies' are wonderful people and they have their place in our church." The next year he stated that "the Lord" established priesthood denial. Coupled with national pressure came growing dissent from within the church. Hack Miller reported: Anyone who thinks that BYU players, being protested against, have no feelings in the fuss are a bit tilted in their thinking, Watts contends. "One wonders, as we walked into the place, if the building would burn down, or be dynamited." Of course there is concern—on both sides ( carried these statements: TUCSON, ARIZ. ( SEATTLE (AP) — A garbage-throwing demonstration by about 20 blacks, protesting what one of them said was "racism" practiced by Brigham Young University, delayed the start of the gymnastics meet between Washington and BYU here Saturday afternoon. After tipping over chalk trays, throwing chairs onto the mat and throwing a pail of water into Hughs' face, the demonstrators departed ( for February 4, 1970, carried this article: LARAMIE, WYO. A spokesman for the BSA said: "This rally is necessary in view of the reaffirmation of the racist policies of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints." On February 6, 1970, the reported that at Fort Collins, Colorado, the BYU team met with a violent demonstration: FORT COLLINS, COLO. The protest of BYU by the blacks was expected to be peaceful, but it quickly turned into something much more as black students scuffled with Colorado State University police before the game began and after it was over.
Elijah Abel outlived Brigham Young and the validity of his ordination was repeatedly discussed by the brethren (see All Abraham's Children, p. The rationalization for restricting blacks developed over a period of years. Mc Kay, one forgets that no Negro can ever hope to become president of the LDS church.
Also, during the generation after Brigham Young, three other important internal developments occurred that seemed to point to a divinely condoned racial restriction. As we untangle the theology, we must always remember that every devout male Mormon—except the Negro—is expected to become a member of the Aaronic priesthood as a boy of twelve years and a member of the Melchizedek priesthood at eighteen or twenty years . A twelve-year-old may become a member of the Aaronic priesthood, more than this Negro man has been able to achieve through a lifetime of devotion. All the imposing list of wonderful and truly praiseworthy things about this tremendous and impressive institution helps to conceal this ugly corner of its theology.
A Nigerian student, who was attending college at San Luis Obispo, California, attended a Mormon meeting and encountered their racial teachings. Do you fear the destruction of all vestiges of state government? On December 5, 1955, the famous boycott was started. King on the road to become America's crusader and most famous civil rights leader (Long Island University web site, The day after his April 3, 1968, speech, "I've Been to the Mountain Top," in Memphis, Tennessee, he was shot while standing on the balcony of his hotel. He added that "a prerequisite for appointment to high government office today is one's past affiliations with communist fronts or one's ability to follow the communist line." Benson's address to BYU students also quoted three times from the Birch Society's official magazine, including references to "black Marxists" and "the Communists and their Black Power fanatics" ("Ezra Taft Benson and Mormon Political Conflicts," by D. Day, the Utah State Legislature continues to open its session on this day each year. His full name was Malcolm Little, born in 1925 in Omaha, Nebraska. His records show that as early as 1906 someone had performed his baptism. as far as we know there is not a single negro family residing in the entire county in which BYU is located and this we are told by Negroes is an important factor in the decision black students make in not coming to BYU" ( on January 7, 1970: In an open letter to the presidents of Stanford and Brigham Young universities, Obert C. In a comment directed toward the Brigham Young University president, he said "You should not say there is no discrimination at BYU. Brown tried to get the priesthood ban lifted in 1969: First Counselor Hugh B. Quinn discussed the aftermath to this 1969 statement: Brown did not accept gracefully the defeat of his effort to reverse the church's ban against African Americans. Sometimes there are calls—‘Look out, we're going to get you'—and other threats. Police broke up several fights after the game, some in the stands, and some outside the gymnasium . This required official time-outs, during which attendants were out to clean up the mess. "In the past we felt we should discourage the Negroes because we felt they would not be happy in the social situation here. We are only 35 minutes from Salt Lake City where there is a Negro community, and we are setting up appointments and introductions there. "We felt we could work out something to relieve a little of the pressure. Coach Hudspeth indicated that "a lot of people are mad at me right now because they feel we are giving in. We are trying to show the other universities that we want to cooperate with them" ( the liquid was said to have been kerosene by those clearing the hardwoods.